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Geography and geology

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  • Greenland is 2,175,600 km2, which is the same size as France, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, Switzerland and Belgium combined.
  • The distance from north to south is 2,670 kilometres, which approximately corresponds to the distance between Okinawa and Hokkaido.
  • The distance from east to west is 1,050 kilometres, which approximately corresponds to the distance between Tokyo and Hokkaido.
  • Greenland mainly consists of arctic mountain landscapes. The vegetation is limited and the rocky landscape is often polished by ice and glaciers.
  • Greenland’s geological history is the oldest known in the world with rocks that are 4.7 billion years old.