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Political system

Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but due to its special status nationally, historically and geographically, Greenland has an extensive type of self-government. Greenland’s Home Rule was established in 1979 and in 2009 a self-government arrangement replaced the Greenland Home Rule. The Self-Government Arrangements transfer political competence and responsibility from the Danish government to the Greenlandic government. The Greenlandic political authorities consist of the Greenlandic parliament (Inatsisartut), which is an elected parliament with 31 members and the government (Naalakkersuisut), which consists of nine members, who function as ministers. They administer tasks taken over from the Danish government, enact legislation in specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. Elections for parliament are generally held every fourth year.

The Danish government provides an annual block grant to the Greenlandic government of 63.4 billion yen which makes up about 56% of the total Greenlandic revenue. The Self-Government Act contains a provision regarding Greenland’s possible road to independence. If the people of Greenland want independence, the provision specifies that negotiations are to commence between the Danish Government and Greenland. An agreement between the Danish Government and the Greenlandic self-government authorities regarding independence is to be concluded with the consent of the Greenlandic parliament and the Greenlandic people through a referendum. Independence for Greenland implies that Greenland assumes sovereignty over the Greenlandic territories.

Since mid-March 2013 Greenland has been governed by the social democratic Siumut Party and its leader Mrs. Aleqa Hammond, who is the first woman to govern Greenland.

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